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11/27/2011

TRIORA. WITCHES AND INQUISITION


Here we are in an ancient typical medieval town, perched for centuries in the Alps of Liguria, which has reached the present day perfectly preserved.

 
There still lingers an unreal atmosphere, heavy, it talks about dark curses and mysterious spells.
The name Triora derives from the Latin "tria ora", meaning "three mouths" as the three mouths of Cerberus, the dog guardian of Hades and depicted on the coat of arms of the city.
  

In 1588, there was held an unfair and terrible trial against a group of women, considered witches and responsible for the famine that struck the region.


Two delegates of the Inquisition did to prepare 
for private homes to use as a prison. 
Some of the buildings used are still visible today. 




One is called the home of Meggia, located in Piazza San Dalmazzo, which lays the foundations in the alley said Pizzetto. 
From this you can see the windows fitted with heavy grates. 


The same house is also called Ca' de baggiure 
(home of witches) and Ca' degli Spiriti
Right the grates confirm the old function, 
as absent in all other homes.



After interrogation and horrific tortures, managed by a representative of the Inquisition, women accused of witchcraft were condemned to the stake. 



The death sentences were later turned into prison, to be served in prisons of Genoa, awaiting the final processes.  
While the religious authorities, stood against each other responsibility for the process, the alleged witches were still suffering in prison. 


 
Five of them died. Among these people reminds Isotta Stella e Franchetta Borelli (who did not confess anything), death resulting from an atrocious tortures.



Nothing certain is known about the fate of others.


 
Today, in the ancient prisons of Triora, you can visit the ethnographic and witchcraft museum. 


Its underground not only revived superstitions and beliefs, but there are copies of documents preserved in the State of Genoa, ancient records that faithfully reproduce the horrendous torture and cruel interrogations endured by women accused of witchcraft.

 
Walking through the old, winding streets of the village still feel sudden chills.



From the railings of the houses of Via San Dalmazzo seem to get whispers and moans.


 
At Cabotina, grim-looking house always believed the witches’ house, during some foggy nights seem to resonate loud shouts, and strange lights suddenly illuminate the way. 


 
This was, in ancient times, the poorest part of the country, outside of the walls and more exposed to danger.  


Those who lived there (excluded from normal social life) 
had to adapt to difficult and precarious living conditions.


 
Other places frequented by bagiue (the witches of Liguria) 
were the fountain of Campomav├╣e 
(still remained outside the town, in a quiet area) and 
the fountain called della Noce (of the walnut)
the shade of a large walnut tree (sacred plant for witches).



It is believed however that these undisturbed also circulated within the village. 
The old Triora claim that witches would gather regularly in an area called Behind the Church, within walking distance of the Collegiate Church, according to tradition would arise on a previous pagan "fanum" (temple).


 
In addition, near Triora, at the passage named of the Crescent, stands an ancient Menhir (standing stone), evidence of previous pagan cults.



There are also numerous places of meeting for 
the legendary hell-Sabbah: 


 one is the amazing LaguDegnu, remote location at the bottom of Cian di Vunda, which is an artificial lake formed by the Rio Grugnardo get onto that enters in the creek Argentina.

 
A curiosity: inside the Roman church of S. Bernardino there is a fresco depicting a John Canavesio’s  Universal Judgement populated by witches, heretics torn apart and children 
who die without being baptized, 
beneath the giant bat-like wings of a demon.



IL PANE DELLE STREGHE
The bread of witches

  Ingredients:
400 grams of wheat flour (divided between 0 and 00, but it would be best to use flour 1)
150g of buckwheat flour
50g of bran
about 450ml of water
80g of sourdough (acid yeast)
12g of fresh yeast
salt


Procedure:
Mix the flour (wheat flour and buckwheat) with the acid yeast, warm water and salt.
Let dough rise (in a container wrapped in a blanket, in a warm place) all night and, the next day, add more flour to the fermenting dough and yeast.
Leave to stand for even a couple of hours, then break off pieces that are shaped into round shapes not too high and placed on the bran.
Mark the top of each piece and sprinkle bran on it. 
After a short pause, cook the bread in a hot oven 
(about 240 ° C).
Remember to put a pot of water at the bottom of the oven, to form the typical crust.

God save the witch!

11/20/2011

LIVING IN A GREAT NATIONAL PARK. IN DEFENSE OF NATURE


The “National Park of Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise” is not only an awful area in which the main human task is to protect Nature in all its aspects. 

Villavallelonga
It includes 24 ancient villages, belonging to three different Italian regions (Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise), all firmly anchored to their past. 

Cividella Alfedena
Modern man, completely involved in super-technological society, taking shelter here can find a piece of his history, made ​​up of geological vicissitudes, pristine forests and a sober, thrifty and creative culture.



 
The atmosphere that surrounds us in these territories tells an old story, made ​​of strong traditions, arts and crafts passed down in families for centuries and which express the typical character of the local population, 

San Donato Val Comino
devoted to sheep farming and agriculture, craft activities such as handlooms, pottery, wrought iron, stone and wood. 

Rocchetta Volturno


Volunteers for Nature
 
Thanks to a volunteer project open to everyone, the “National Park of Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise” gives to each of us the opportunity to address an unique experience: living and working in contact with a natural environment, through which you can stop, think and be aware of those individual and social behaviours which place the human being in the right role in the ecosystem Nature. 



Participants will be engaged in monitoring, education and environmental interpretation, contacts with the public, television and photojournalism, cultural animation, simple maintenance of facilities and trails, assistance and information to visitors or cleaning.




All with the supervision and coordination
of personnel of the Park. 




 

Every year the volunteers grow, 
not only in number but, above all, 
in the specialty and passion with which 
support and motivate their efforts. 






 
Anyone who can spend a lifetime in the mountains,
in perfect self-sufficiency and serenity 
in one of Park shelters, 



 has the chance to take part in a program with other people motivated and interested in the defense of flora and fauna, working with operators, researchers, technicians in the various activities of prevention, control, education, maintenance, support, paths activity. 





Participation in the Program may be in all times of the year, according to a fixed timetable 
or through agreements with the participants.





Those interested in participating in volunteer shifts
must make this request: 

Operational Centre of the Education Service
National Park of Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise
Snc Via Roma - 67030 Villa Barrea (AQ)
Tel 0864/89102 - Fax 0864/89132
E-mail:
centroservizi.villetta@parcoabruzzo.it



By sending the completed registration form:
(Download from this page) 



 
PHOTOS: 
Valentino Mastrella, Romano Visci, PNALM Archive



 
CIAMBELLINE AL FORNO
Baked donuts

Ingredients:
500 g. flour.
200 g. sugar.
1 cup sweet white wine.
1 cup of oil.
1 packet of yeast.
A pinch of salt.


  Preparation:
Mix the yeast with the flour.
Mix flour and sugar with the wine and the oil  

until the dough
is elastic and smooth.
Make little donuts with the mixture.
Preheat the oven to 180 degrees, grease a baking tray  

and put into this the donuts  
leaving enough space for yeasting.
Bake for 20 minutes or until golden brown.

Lago di Barrea


Orso Bruno Marsicano (typical bear of this park)


11/07/2011

BEAUTIFUL AND FRAGILE


I think it's the right definition for Italy.

BEAUTIFUL: Because, thanks to its history, the nature, the location, the territory, the artistic and cultural heritage it really can be called one of the most beautiful countries in the world.

FRAGILE: For all that we have here should be guarded with care, patience and commitment. Unfortunately too often happens that, those people responsible for the administration of this little treasure decide that it's more important to enrich themselves and think about their business, rather than honestly engage in the tasks entrusted to them by the Italians, who have given their trust at the time of elections.
The Italian political class, unfortunately, is absolutely unable to fulfill its duties. Its best aspiration is to "fool people".
These are the results, under the eyes of all, from north to south, almost every year, whan it rains for almost a pair of days or more...

This is somewhere in Sardinia


Sorry, but this time my feeling about my beloved country it makes me write angry words... 

Here we are in "Le Cinque Terre"

Genova....no comment!


Somewhere near Savigliano (Cuneo), in Piemonte.


Genova, again...some days ago.


This was a street where people used to walk.


Can you recognize Genova?
What's happened here, in Sicilia?


This was Giampilieri....not so far from Taormina, Sicily.


Turin, a way called "Murazzi Po". Scenes like this are usual here.


A Romantic bridge? ...Somewhere in Alessandria